National Rifle Association

(Life Member)

Protect Freedom, Join the NRA

MULTIFLEX•5.4

Open Source Designs

Protect Freedom

and Liberty

With Knowledge and
Continuous Education

Fear the Government
that fears your guns . .

Welcome to The Internet Voice of Donald Delozier

Our Freedom is at Risk
Beware of Politicians bearing gifts,
you probably can't afford them.


Diet & Excercise

Mediterranean Diet and Exercise Lower Alzheimer's Risk

Elderly individuals who had a diet that included higher consumption of fruits, vegetables, legumes, cereal and fish and was low in red meat and poultry and who were physically active had an associated lower risk of Alzheimer disease, according to a study in the August 12 issue of JAMA. In a second study, higher adherence to a Mediterranean diet was associated with slower cognitive decline, but was not associated with a decreased risk of dementia.

Research regarding the effect physical activity can have on the risk of Alzheimer's disease or dementia has shown mixed results, as has the effect of dietary habits. Their combined association has not been investigated, according to background information in the article.

Nikolaos Scarmeas, M.D., of Columbia University Medical Center, New York, and colleagues examined the association between physical activity and risk of Alzheimer's disease and also the effect of physical activity and adherence to a Mediterranean-type diet on Alzheimer's disease risk. The study included 2 groups that consisted of 1,880 community-dwelling elderly residents of New York city without dementia at the start of the study, for whom there was both diet and physical activity information available. Standardized neurological and neuropsychological measures were administered approximately every 1.5 years from 1992 through 2006.

The participants received measurements of their adherence to a Mediterranean-type diet (scale of 0-9; categorized as low, middle, or high) and their physical activity (sum of weekly participation in various physical activities, weighted by the type of physical activity [light, moderate, vigorous]; categorized into no physical activity, some, or much, also low or high), separately and combined. A higher score for diet was obtained with higher consumption of fruits, vegetables, legumes, cereals, and fish; lower consumption of meat and dairy products; a higher ratio of monounsaturated fats to saturated fats and mild to moderate alcohol consumption.

Individuals were followed up for an average of 5.4 years, during which a total of 282 developed Alzheimer's disease. In considering only physical activity, the researchers found that more physical activity was associated with lower risk for developing Alzheimer's disease. "Compared with physically inactive individuals, report of some physical activity was associated with a 29 percent to 41 percent lower risk of developing AD, while report of much physical activity was associated with a 37 percent to 50 percent lower risk," the authors write.

When considered simultaneously, both physical activity and Mediterranean diet adherence were significantly associated with Alzheimer's disease incidence. According to the researchers, "Belonging to the middle diet adherence tertile was associated with a 2 percent to 14 percent risk reduction, while belonging to the highest diet adherence tertile was associated with a 32 percent to 40 percent reduced risk. Similarly, compared with individuals with no physical activity, individuals reporting some physical activity had a 25 percent to 38 percent lower risk for Alzheimer's disease, while individuals reporting much physical activity had a 33 percent to 48 percent lower risk for AD."

The authors also write, "Compared with individuals with low physical activity plus low adherence to a diet (absolute AD risk, 19 percent), high physical activity plus high diet adherence was associated with a 35 percent to 44 percent relative risk reduction (absolute AD risk, 12 percent). Absolute AD risks declined from 21 percent in the group with no physical activity plus low diet adherence to 9 percent in the group with much physical activity plus high diet adherence." "In summary, our results support the potentially independent and important role of both physical activity and dietary habits in relation to AD risk. These findings should be further evaluated in other populations."

--NewsMax.com--

Freedom

    All living beings have a natural right to protect themselves from preditors. 

    The U.S. Constitution guarantees 'the people' of the United States the right of self protection with firearms in the Second Amendment. 

    Those that seek to limit or remove the right of self protection, are assisting the preditors to prey on the innocent. 

    Criminal law breakers do not obey laws, that is why they are criminals.  Criminals will not obey any gun control law.  Therefore gun control laws only protect the criminals from their victims. 

    Those that seek to limit or remove the natural right of self protection are violating our Constitution and are only assisting the preditors, thus they could be called criminals themselves. 

    Beware!
    Preditors and criminal despots always disarm their victims before the kill. 

Fear the Government that fears your guns

-DRD-